Stronger social skills
In preschool, more effective interactions are associated with gains in social competence and lower behavior problems (Mashburn et al. 2008).
Better peer relationships
First-grade children in classrooms with more effective interactions have more positive interactions with peers, better classroom engagement, fewer negative interactions with peers, and are less likely to be bullied (Gazelle et al. 2006; Wilson et al. 2007).
Effective interactions in kindergarten boost children’s behavioral engagement, which in turn leads to higher reading achievement (Ponitz et al. 2009).
Fifth grade students who experience more effective interactions show lower levels of aggression and higher levels of prosocial behavior (Luckner & Pianta 2011).